Advancement of the economy requires matching business with modern knowledge.
Economy and trade are dependent on modern knowledge, and as in the intellectual system of the supreme leader of the revolution, the goal of research is to reach scientific authority and be among the leaders of science and technology, and solve current problems and create a bright future for the country, because in a wise interpretation “The scientific space of the country should be the space for the production and promotion of science and research and the cultivation of researchers and scholars, in which both elites and officials have duties.”
What needs to be done in the first step is to match fundamental or applied research with international standards, so that we can present competitive products, goods and services in global markets.
Like other sciences, business also needs its own specialized alphabet, it should be noted that developing research-oriented standards, protecting the interests of producers and consumer rights by increasing satisfaction and providing better services and reducing safety and health risks, and consequently reducing It will bring costs related to the health of society.
In order to increase the share of goods and services in global markets, increase employment, especially in the knowledge base sector, and increase the volume of exports, it is necessary to align production with global standards in order to improve in the competitive environment of regional and international markets.
The product discussed in the international space needs a basic infrastructure, it needs standardization indicators, which continues from the ideation to the supply of the final product, which ultimately leads to the continuous production of high-quality goods and increasing the trade balance. So it can be concluded that spending money on research, research and development is a type of investment, which plays an important role in the growth of countries’ economies.
Research has a special place in the declaration of the second step of the revolution.
As in the first part of the statement, the supreme leader of the revolution has emphasized the necessity of creating a revolution and scientific uprising in the country, he has expressed the necessity of creating the tools and requirements for the realization of the country’s progress, and he has specially emphasized the sense of responsibility for the implementation of scientific jihad.
Research and knowledge
gathering, the first step to support production and trade
The year 1401 has been named as the year of “production, knowledge-based and employment-creating”, a title that, in a deep look, can provide the means for the prosperity of the country’s economy.
Innovation, research and modern knowledge are the basic cornerstones to achieve progress and development and increase the productivity of economy and business, and it is always possible to find an alignment between the quality and quantity of scientific performance in a society with the development of that society.
Developed societies and demand-oriented research
Intelligence is necessary to complete the cycle of science and wealth, conducting demand-oriented research is the solution to save the economy and create business in the global arena. Up-to-date economics and business is the result of wealth-creating research.
Business and export knowledge
Although the share of non-oil exports in the past 20 years has always been increasing due to various reasons, including the increase in production quality, the development of marketing activities, export support and incentives, the increase in the exchange rate and the competitiveness of domestic products, and in recent years, despite all the obstacles and Sanctions have reached 48 billion dollars, but the number of professional exporters has not grown accordingly, and the small and medium-sized companies of the country have not been able to become successful exporters due to the lack of business knowledge. Accordingly, according to the plans of the 13th government regarding the achievement of 70 billion dollars in exports in 1404, supporting the training of small and medium-sized companies and improving their level of knowledge and business knowledge can be considered as an operational plan in the policy agenda. Place this area.
Therefore, in the current situation where the country is under international pressure through the application of economic sanctions, we have no other way to overcome the current difficult situation than to enter the international markets and export, and considering the general policies of the resistance economy and special emphasis on the export issue, Supporting production and employment, reducing dependence on oil revenues and promoting Iran’s economic and technological position in the region, prioritizing constructive and effective economic interaction with the world in the form of economic diplomacy that has the capacity to benefit from the benefits of the global economy, is a necessity. Avoidance has become impossible and we should consider incentives for exporters and pave the way to enter international markets with more interaction between the government and the private sector and by using the successful experiences of other countries, so that they are more motivated and capable. continue to export in international markets and have a positive effect on the growth and development of the country and ultimately improve the livelihood of the people.
On the other hand, it can be said that, despite the fact that Iran’s trade has decreased in the past years under the influence of economic sanctions, an important part of the country’s foreign exchange needs is still provided through non-oil exports, and the export of 48 billion dollars in 1400 shows , that our country has been able to overcome some sanctions restrictions and a fundamental step has been taken in the direction of reducing dependence on oil revenues and building self-confidence in the direction of managing the country’s economy with the currency obtained from exports. Meanwhile, it should be noted that according to trade statistics in the past years, about 70% of our exports were with neighboring countries, which has caused excessive focus on peripheral markets and the vulnerability of the country’s exports. In fact, the concentration of trade with peripheral markets and neighboring countries in the current conditions and in the short term, although it is an opportunity, and it brings benefits such as ease of access and transportation, and consequently, a reduction in cost, time, energy, etc. But in the long run, putting all the eggs in the export basket of neighboring countries and excessive dependence