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The United Republic of Tanzania is a country of about 60 million people in East Africa, which is bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique, and is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the east. It is larger than Egypt and smaller than Nigeria in terms of area.

The official capital of Tanzania was moved from the coastal city of Dar es Salaam to the city of Dodoma in 1996. However, Dar es Salaam is still the commercial capital and headquarters of many government institutions of the country, and it is considered an important port for this country and its landlocked neighbors. The government of Tanzania is a multi-party federal republic with a legislature.

Tanzania’s economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of the gross domestic product, about 85% of exports and 80% of the labor force, however, the weather conditions and unevenness have caused only 4% of the country’s land to be devoted to agriculture. Tanzania is one of the largest producers of fish in East Africa.

Tanzania has many mineral resources such as gold, diamonds, phosphate, coal, iron, uranium, nickel, chrome, platinum and tin. The extraction and export of natural gas has also started in the last decade. Tanzania is also the third largest producer of gold in Africa after South Africa and Ghana. The underdevelopment of the country has slowed down the exploitation of mines. And the tourism industry also plays an important role in the economy of Tanzania.

In addition, the drought since the beginning of the 21st century greatly reduced the production of electricity in the country, because about 60% of Tanzania’s electricity is provided by hydroelectric power plants.

According to the report of the International Trade Center, the total trade of Tanzania in 2021 was 20 billion 600 million dollars, the share of goods exports from this country in 2021 was nearly 6 billion 400 million dollars, and the export of gold with the amount of 3 billion dollars is at the top of the products. In addition, the largest export of this country has been made to the United Arab Emirates, India and South Africa, respectively.

The total value of imported goods to Tanzania in 2021 was nearly 11 billion dollars, with the first 5 items of the country’s import list being fuel and oil, mechanical machinery, vehicles and accessories, iron and steel, and plastic. and the first four countries supplying goods to Tanzania were China, United Arab Emirates, India and Saudi Arabia, respectively.

The total export of services from Tanzania in 2020 was more than 2 billion dollars and the import of services was more than 1 billion dollars in the same year.

The total trade between Iran and Tanzania in 2021 was worth 70 million dollars, according to the customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the total export of Iran to Tanzania in 2021 was more than 55 million dollars, of which about 24 million dollars was the share of urea exports and more 14 billion dollars belonged to Oil bitumen. And the import from Tanzania to Iran in the same year reached 14 million and 600 thousand dollars, of which manganese ore and its concentrate accounted for 13 million dollars of this amount.


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This file contains commercial statistics information including the value and details of exported and imported

goods and services The value and list of origin and destination of international trade of tanzania in the last

five years


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Total 5-year trade statistics of tanzania


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